Tooltip

The igxTooltip and the igxTooltipTarget directives provide us with the ability to create a fully customizable tooltip and attach it to any element on our page. While most tooltips have a limited number of available positions, with the igxTooltipTarget directive we can specify any position we want on the page while keeping it in relation to the target (anchor) and provide various other overlay settings like scroll strategies and custom animations!

Demo


Setup

To get started with the Ignite UI for Angular Tooltip and Tooltip Target, let's first import the IgxTooltipModule in the app.module.ts file.

// app.module.ts

...
import {
    IgxTooltipModule
} from 'igniteui-angular';

@NgModule({
    ...
    imports: [IgxTooltipModule],
})
export class AppModule {}

Simple tooltip

Let's say we want to create a simple text tooltip for an element on our page. In our case, let's use our awesome IgxAvatar as the element in question by importing the IgxAvatarModule first.

// app.module.ts

...
import {
    IgxTooltipModule,
    IgxAvatarModule
} from 'igniteui-angular';

@NgModule({
    ...
    imports: [IgxTooltipModule, IgxAvatarModule],
})
export class AppModule {}

In addition, we will define some custom styles for our elements!

/* simpleTooltip.component.css */

.wrapper {
    text-align: center;
    margin: 20px;
}

.avatar {
    display: inline-block;
}

.bottomMargin {
    margin-bottom: 50px;
}

Tooltip target

The avatar will be our target and all we have to do is set the igxTooltipTarget directive on it, which basically marks our element as one that has a tooltip.

<!--simpleTooltip.component.html-->

<igx-avatar class="avatar" #target="tooltipTarget" igxTooltipTarget
            src="assets/images/avatar/10.jpg" size="medium" [roundShape]="true">
</igx-avatar>

Tooltip

Now let's create the tooltip element itself! Since we want a simple text tooltip, we will define an ordinary div element with text inside and set the igxTooltip directive on it, which marks it as a tooltip.

<!--simpleTooltip.component.html-->

<div #tooltipRef="tooltip" igxTooltip>
    Her name is Toola Tipa
</div>

Attach tooltip to target

Now that we have both our target and tooltip defined, all that's left for us to do is assign the tooltip's reference to the igxTooltipTarget selector of the target.

<!--simpleTooltip.component.html-->

<igx-avatar class="avatar" #target="tooltipTarget" [igxTooltipTarget]="tooltipRef"
            src="assets/images/avatar/10.jpg" size="medium" [roundShape]="true">
</igx-avatar>

<div #tooltipRef="tooltip" igxTooltip>
    Her name is Toola Tipa
</div>

Show/Hide delay settings

What if we want to control the amount of time that should pass before showing and hiding the tooltip? For this purpose we can use the showDelay and the hideDelay properties of the igxTooltipTarget directive. Both properties are of type number and take time span in milliseconds.

Now let's add a couple of IgxSlider elements to control the showDelay and the hideDelay. In addition, we will also use the IgxSwitch to enable/disable the user interaction over the tooltip target by using the tooltipDisabled property of the target.

We will go ahead and get the IgxSliderModule and the IgxSwitchModule.

// app.module.ts

...
import {
    IgxTooltipModule,
    IgxAvatarModule,
    IgxSliderModule,
    IgxSwitchModule
} from 'igniteui-angular';

@NgModule({
    ...
    imports: [IgxTooltipModule, IgxAvatarModule, IgxSliderModule, IgxSwitchModule],
})
export class AppModule {}

Now we can define our sliders and switch controls in the template of the component! Then all we have to do is bind the showDelay and the hideDelay properties as ngModels to the two sliders respectively and then bind the tooltipDisabled property of the target to the switch control in the same manner.

<!--simpleTooltip.component.html-->

...
<div>
    <div class="bottomMargin">
        <igx-switch [(ngModel)]="target.tooltipDisabled">Disable tooltip</igx-switch>
    </div>
    <div class="bottomMargin">
        <span>Show Delay: {{target.showDelay}} ms</span>
        <igx-slider minValue="0" maxValue="3000" [step]="100" [(ngModel)]="target.showDelay"></igx-slider>                
    </div>
    <div>
        <span>Hide Delay: {{target.hideDelay}} ms</span>
        <igx-slider minValue="0" maxValue="3000" [step]="100" [(ngModel)]="target.hideDelay"></igx-slider>                
    </div>
</div>

You can see the result of the code from above at the beginning of this article in the Tooltip Demo section.

Note

The built-in UI interaction behavior of the IgxTooltipTargetDirective and its respective API methods work by taking showDelay and hideDelay property values into account. Showing and hiding the tooltip through the API of the IgxTooltipDirective does not take the showDelay and hideDelay property values into account. If necessary, such logic would have to be implemented manually according to the application's specifics.

Rich tooltip

Customizing and styling the content of our tooltip has never been easier with the igxTooltip directive! Since the tooltip itself is an ordinary element in our markup, we can basically improve its content by adding any elements we need and have the ability to style them accordingly!

Let's expand on the use of the igxTooltip and use it to provide more details for a specific location on a map! In order to make our application look even better, we will use the IgxCard to represent our map, the IgxAvatar for a logo in our tooltip, the IgxIcon for the location icon on our map and the IgxButton for some card actions! For this purpose, we will get their respective modules.

// app.module.ts

...
import {
    IgxTooltipModule,
    IgxCardModule,
    IgxAvatarModule,
    IgxIconModule,
    IgxButtonModule
} from 'igniteui-angular';

@NgModule({
    ...
    imports: [IgxTooltipModule, IgxCardModule, IgxAvatarModule, IgxIconModule, IgxButtonModule],
})
export class AppModule {}

We will also use the following styles for our application:

/* richTooltip.component.css */

.wrapper { 
    margin: 20px;
}

.cursorHover:hover {
    cursor: pointer;
}

.card-wrapper {
    max-width: 200px;
    min-width: 120px;
}

.location {
    overflow: hidden;
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
    width: 200px;
    height: 252px;
    background-image: url(../../../assets/images/card/media/infragisticsMap.png);
}

.locationTooltip {
    width: 310px;
    background-color: rgba(128, 128, 128, 0.7);
    padding: 3px;
    font-size: 13px;
}

.locationTooltipContent {
    display: flex;
    justify-content: center;
    align-items: center;
}

.locationIcon {
    width: 45px;
    height: 45px;
}

Let's start by creating our card and setting its content to be an element that has a map background image! In addition, we will add an icon that will indicate the position of our location! Since we want to provide more details for this location, our icon will obviously be the tooltip target.

<!--richTooltip.component.html-->

<igx-card>
    <igx-card-content style="padding: 0px;">
        <div class="location">
            <igx-icon class="cursorHover" color="blue" fontSet="material" igxTooltipTarget>location_on</igx-icon>
        </div>
    </igx-card-content>
</igx-card>

Now for the tooltip! For its content, we will create a container that will be populated with some text information elements and an avatar. Then we will simply attach the tooltip to the target and include some nice css styling!

<!--richTooltip.component.html-->

<igx-card>
    <igx-card-content style="padding: 0px;">
        <div class="location">
            <igx-icon class="cursorHover" color="blue" fontSet="material" [igxTooltipTarget]="locationTooltip">location_on</igx-icon>

            <div class="locationTooltip" #locationTooltip="tooltip" igxTooltip>
                <div class="locationTooltipContent">
                    <igx-avatar class="locationIcon" src="../../../assets/images/card/avatars/igLogo.png" size="medium"
                        [roundShape]="false"></igx-avatar>
                    <div>
                        <div>Infragistics Inc. HQ</div>
                        <div>2 Commerce Dr, Cranbury, NJ 08512, USA</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </igx-card-content>
</igx-card>

As a finishing touch, we will add a couple of button icons as card actions at the bottom.

<!--richTooltip.component.html-->

<igx-card>
    <igx-card-content style="padding: 0px;">
        ...
    </igx-card-content>
    <igx-card-actions>
        <div class="igx-card-actions__igroup--start">
            <span igxButton="icon">
                <igx-icon fontSet="material">favorite</igx-icon>
            </span>
            <span igxButton="icon">
                <igx-icon fontSet="material">share</igx-icon>
            </span>
        </div>
    </igx-card-actions>
</igx-card>

If all went well, this is how our location and tooltip should look like:


Overlay configuration

Both the igxTooltip and igxTooltipTarget directives use the IgxOverlayService to open and close the respective tooltip element.

The igxTooltipTarget directive exposes an overlaySettings property (inherited from the igxToggleAction), which can be used to customize the animations of our tooltip, its position in the UI and a lot more! If this property is not set, then default overlay settings will be used.

Note

Any property that is set through the overlaySettings will override the same property from the default overlay settings and will have a direct impact on the tooltip.

Accessibility

Elements with the igxTooltip directive have an autogenerated id property (if not set by the developer), a tooltip role and the aria-hidden attribute that is automatically updated depending on whether the tooltip is visible or not. By setting the aria-describedby attribute of the target to its respective tooltip's id, a reference will be provided to the tooltip element. This provides screenreaders the information needed to read out the tooltip's contents when the end-user triggers the tooltip.

Extra care should be taken in the following scenarios:

  • The tooltip's content is too complex to be automatically interpreted.
  • The tooltip is used with a manually implemented behavior (e.g. manually show/hide) instead of the built-in one.
  • The target element is unfocusable.

API References

In this article we learned how to create, configure and style awesome tooltips for the elements on our page! We also used some additional Ignite UI for Angular components like icons, avatars and cards to improve on the design of our application! The respective APIs are listed below:

Additional components and/or directives that were used:

Styles:

Additional Resources

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